2. Important Questions of Child Development and Pedagogy for CTET and other TET exams (with Answer and Explanation)

Important Questions of Child Development and Pedagogy for CTET and other TET exams (with Answer and Explanation)

Child Development and Pedagogy is one of the important sections of CTET (Paper 1 and Paper 2) and many candidates often feel difficulty in this section. Experts suggest that candidates should prepare this section more to get 120+ score. Here, we have provided questions of Child Development and Pedagogy (with Answers) for CTET and TET exams.

Practice Set – 2

Question No. 1

When previous learning makes no difference at all to the learning in a new situation, it is called

(1) positive transfer of learning

(2) negative transfer of learning

(3) zero transfer of learning

(4) absolute transfer of learning

Answer– (3)

Explanation– Zero transfer of learning refers to a situation when a previously gain knowledge or skill makes the new learning neither easy not difficult.

Question No. 2

Mohit likes to teach children and is preparing hard for the entrance examination of B.Ed. He is _______motivated.

( 1 ) intrinsically

( 2 ) actively

( 3 ) extrinsically

( 4 ) intellectually

Answer– (1)

Explanation– Mohit’s work is satisfying and rewarding in itself. So, he is intrinsically motivated.

Question No. 3

Which of the following should be considered the most important quality of a teacher at the primary level ?

(1) Eagerness to teach

(2) Patience and perseverance

(3) Knowledge of harmless ways of punishing

(4) Competence to teach in a highly standardized language

Answer– (2)

Explanation– At the primary level, teacher are curious and they want to know everything they see. For this, they ask numerous relevant and irrelevant questions. The patient of a teacher will help him/her guide this children without losing temper, and perseverance will make him/her try, fail, reflect and improve.

Question No. 4

4. Scaffolding, in the context of learning theories, refers to

(1) simulation teaching

( 2 ) recapitulation of previous learning

( 3 ) temporary support in learning by adults

( 4 ) ascertaining the causes of mistakes committed by students

Answer– (3)

Explanation– In the scaffolding process, students are given the needed support while learning something new that they stand a better chance of independently using that knowledge.

Question No. 5

Which of the following promote ( s ) social learning ?

(1) collaboration

(2) Summative assessments

(3) Brainstorming

(4) Formative assessments


Explanation– In collaborative learning, children learn together by interacting with each other. Such interaction promotes social learning.

Question No. 6

Even though this was clearly in violation of his safety needs, Captain Vikram Batra died fighting in the Kargil War while protecting his country. He might have

( 1 ) sought novel experience

( 2 ) achieved self – actualisation

( 3 ) ignored his belongingness needs

( 4 ) wanted to earn a good name for his family

Answer– (2)

Explanation– Self-actualization is the highest level on Abraham maslow hierarchy of needs. Self-actualization needs realising personal potential and self-fulfillment and seeking personal growth and peak experiences.

Practice Set- 5 click here

Question No. 7

Many measures have been taken at the institutional level to check dropout cases in the schools run by government agencies . Which of the following is an institutional reason for children dropping out of these schools ?

(1) There is a lack of infrastructure, such as blackboards and toilets.

(2) Teachers do not have appropriate qualifications and are paid lesser salaries.

(3) Teachers have not been sensitised about the need of treating children well.

(4) There is no alternative curriculum for children who reject the compulsory curriculum offered.

Answer– (4)

Explanation– Students drop out from school because they feel disconnected from their teachers and peers as a measure against this issue, schools need to increase and diversify their resources to meet the complex academic and emotional needs of children.

Question No. 8

8. Which of the following can be considered a sign of motivated teaching ?

(1) Maximum attendance in the class

(2) Remedial work given by the teacher

(3) Questioning by students

(4) Pin – drop silence in the class

Answer– (3)

Explanation– a motivated Teacher said safety environment for questioning and discussion by encouraging his her students to come up with various ideas or solution to the subject related problems.

Question No. 9

Which one of the following is an appropriate assignment for a gifted student ?

(1) Many more exercises of the same type as given to other students.

(2) Asking him / her to tutor the peers to channelize the energy and keep him / her busy.

(3) Creating a prototype of a new science book based on different themes.

( 4 ) Letting him / her finish the textbook on his / her own before the entire class .

Answer– (2)

Explanation– A teachers should analyse the energy of a gifted student according to his her educational requirement such students should be involved in the activities that involve divergent thinking.

Practice Set- 6 click here

Question No. 10

Logical / mathematical intelligence is associated with

( 1 ) two – factor theory

( 2 ) group factor theory

( 3 ) hierarchical theory

( 4 ) multiple intelligences theory

Answer– (4)

Explanation– Logical/mathematical intelligence includes the ability to reason and think logically, and it is associated with Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences.

Question No. 11

An inclusive classroom is that where

( 1 ) assessments are repeated till the time every learner achieves minimum grades

( 2 ) teachers teach only from prescribed books to lessen the burden of students

( 3 ) there is an active involvement of children in solving as many problems as possible

( 4 ) teachers create diverse and meaningful learning experiences for every learner

Answer– (4)

Explanation– In inclusive education, students with different abilities study together without any discrimination. This brings diversity in the classroom. The objective of an inclusive classroom is to maximize the potential all students through teacher who should create a diverse and meaningful learning experiences for every learner.

Question No. 12

How can one learn effectively?

( 1 ) Spending more time reading

( 2 ) Spending more time writing

( 3 ) Understanding our desires

( 4 ) Tailoring according to our study habits to need and approach

Answer– (4)

Explanation– Tailoring our study habits according to need and approach means choosing techniques that works for us and evaluating them from time to time to determine if we need to try something new. It helps in learning effectively.

Question No. 13

13. Creative answers require

(1) direct teaching and direct questions

(2) content-based questions

(3) open-ended questions

(4) a highly disciplined classroom have been identified by


Explanation– open ended questions paved the way for creative answers. Because of their divergent thinking creative children are able to answer and open question in different ways.

Question No. 14

The four basic elements of the development process

(1) Erikson

(2) Skinner

(3) Piaget

(4) Kohlberg

Answer– (3)

Explanation – According to Jean Piaget, the development process of an individual life consists of four basic elements maturation, social transmission, experiences and equilib ration.

Question No. 15

The multilingual character of the Indian society should be seen as

(1) a hindrance in the teaching – learning process

(2) a resource for the enrichment of school life

(3) a challenge to a teacher’s capacity to motivate students to learn

( 4) a factor that makes school life a complex experience for learners

Answer– (2)

Explanation– The multilingual character of Indian society should be seen as a resource for the enrichment of school life because it makes learners learn and respect to one another’s language during school life.

For More Practice Set of Child Development Pedagogy click here-

Practice Set- 1 click here

Practice Set- 3 click here

Practice Set- 4 click here

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